Australian Historical Events in January

Australian Historical Events is a daily guide to the important events that shaped Australia to what it is today. It is a compilation of significant events for the month of January including the birth and death of famous Australians as well as laws promulgated by authorities. The list is constantly updated to incorporate the most recent events.

Australian Historical Events in January

Day Year Event
1 1901 The Commonwealth of Australia as a nation composed of six states (formerly colonies of the United Kingdom) was established with its constitution coming into force.
1 1910 Sir George Houston Reid, a former prime minister, became the first High Commissioner of Australia to the United Kingdom.
7 1920 Death: Sir Edmund “Toby” Barton, first prime minister of Australia
8 2003 Lightning strikes started four fires near Canberra then spread all over the national capital over the next two weeks destroying almost 70% of pastures, pine plantations, and nature parks including Mount Stromlo Observatory.
10 1697 Dutch explorer Willem de Vlamingh and his crew made the first recorded European exploration of the swan River area, including what is now the city of Perth, in Western Australia.
15 1842 Birth: Mary MacKillop in Melbourne, the first Australian to be declared a saint by the Catholic Church.
18 1849 Birth: Sir Edmund “Toby” Barton, first prime minister of Australia.
21 1931 Sir Isaac Alfred Isaacs, the first Australian-born to become governor-general, begins his term as the ninth Governor-General of Australia.
26 1627 The voyage of Dutch explorer Fran├žois Thijssen came upon Cape Leeuwin, the south-westernmost tip of Australia.
26 1788 The colony of New South Wales was established with the arrival of the First Fleet of 11 vessels under the command of Captain Arthur Phillip. This day has become Australia’ National Day.
26 1808 Australia Day was first celebrated to mark the establishment the colony of New South Wales.
26 1818 The first official celebration of the formation of New South Wales was held.
26 1935 All Australian states and territories adopted use of the term “Australia Day” to mark the date of the 1788 landing of the First Fleet at Sydney Cove.
26 1959 Darwin, the capital of Northern Territory, became a city.
26 1994 All Australian states and territories marked this day as a public holiday to celebrate the 1788 landing of the First Fleet at Sydney Cove.
23 1936 Alexander Hore-Ruthven, 1st Earl of Gowrie, begins his term as the tenth Governor-General of Australia.
30 1898 The Roman Catholic Diocese of Geraldton was created from the Diocese of Perth in Western Australia.
30 1945 Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, begins his term as the eleventh Governor-General of Australia.

RELATED: Australian Events in February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

You might want to see: Canadian Historical Events

You can also see: United States Historical Events

January Historical Events in Australia
January Historical Events in Australia

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