Bataan History, Geography, Economy

Bataan is a province of Central Luzon Region, Philippines.

Bataan History
Bataan Provincial Capitol (Photo Credit: Facebook Page)

Profile (Geography)
Location –> Central Luzon Region, Philippines (See map below)
Neighboring Provinces –> Zambales, Pampanga
Capital –> Balanga City
Area –> 1,372.98 km2 (530.11 sq mi)
Population –> 760,650
Terrain –> Mountainous in the west, coastal plain in east, rolling hills in the central part of the province
Industries –> Agriculture, Manufacturing, Tourism
Major Products –> Rice, corn, poultry, egg, refined petroleum, petrochemicals, ships, clothes
People/Language –> Tagalog, Kapampangan, English, Ilocano
Cities –> Balanga City
Municipalities (Towns) –> (11)
First District –> Abucay, Dinalupihan, Hermosa, Morong, Orani, Samal
Second District –> Balanga City, Bagac, Limay, Mariveles, Orion, Pilar

Government Officials
Governor –> Albert Garcia
Vice Governor –> Ma. Cristina Garcia
Representative (1st District) –> Geraldine B. Roman
Predecessor –> Herminia B. Roman
Representative (2nd District) –> Jose Enrique S. Garcia III
Predecessor –> Enrique T. Garcia, Jr.
Provincial Board Members (Sangguniang Panlalawigan or SP)
Benjamin C. Serrano Jr. – 1st District
Jomar L. Gaza
Reynaldo T. Ibe Jr.
Godofredo B. Galicia Jr.
Maria Khristine G. Dela Fuente
Manuel N. Beltran – 2nd District
Maria Margarita R. Roque
Edgardo P. Calimbas
Jose C. Villapando
Romano L. Del Rosario
Precious Manuel – President, President Sangguniang Kabataan (SK) Federation
Doroteo Austria – President, Federation of Association of Barangay Captains
Noel Joseph Valdepenas – President, Provincial Councilors’ League

Bataan History

The province of Bataan was originally a territory of Pampanga Province. On January 11, 1757, several towns were separated to create the new province of Bataan.

Jose M. Lerma represented Bataan during the first legislative assembly from 1907 to 1909. He was succeeded by Tomas G. del Rosario. On the other hand, Bonifacio Camacho was the representative of Bataan during the First Congress of the Philippines from 1946 to 1949. He was succeeded by Medina Lacson De Leon.

Bataan played a very important role during World War II. It was here where the remnants of the combined Philippine-American forces surrendered to the Japanese invaders. After the surrender came the “Death March” of thousands of prisoners of war (POW) who walked on foot towards Camp O’Donnell in Tarlac Province.

Go here to see all the famous people from Bataan Province.

Go here to see all the candidates and results of the 2019 election in Bataan.

Economy of Bataan Province

Although agriculture is still the source of livelihood for thousands of people in Bataan, the province is one of the most industrialized areas of the Philippines. It is the home of the biggest petroleum refining and petrochemicals complex in the country. It is also the home of the oldest export processing zones of the Philippines now called Freeport Area of Bataan (FAB) where different manufactured goods are produced for export.

Bataan is a major producer of electricity with its several fossil-based as well as renewable power plants.

Tourism is a big contributor to the local economy with its many resorts especially in the town of Morong.

RELATED: Profile of La Union Province
See also: List of Philippine Provinces and Capital by Region

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