Rizal Province History
Profile of Rizal Province (Geography)
Location –> East of Metro Manila, Southern Tagalog Region, Philippines (See map below)
Neighboring Provinces –> Bulacan, Quezon, and Laguna
Capital –> Antipolo City
Area –> 1,191.94 km2 (460.21 sq mi)
Population –> 2,884,227 (2015 census)
Terrain –> Mountainous with rolling hills and river valleys
Industries –> Agriculture, Manufacturing
Major Products –> Rice, Manufactured Products, Poultry and Egg, Pork, Fish
People/Language –> Tagalog, Other ethnic groups from the provinces
Governor –> Rebecca “Nini” A. Ynares
Vice Governor –> Reynaldo H. San Juan, Jr.
Representative (1st District) –> Michael John “Jack” R. Duavit
Representative (2nd District) –> Fidel Nograles
Predecessor –> Isidro S. Rodriguez, Jr.
Cities –> Antipolo City
Municipalities (Towns) –> Angono, Baras, Binangonan, Cainta, Cardona, Jala Jala, Rodriquez, Morong, pililla, San Mateo, Tanay, Taytay, Teresa
Rizal Province History
During the Spanish era, the area now occupied by Rizal Province belonged to Tondo Province and later to La Laguna. In 1853, the towns of Morong, Pililla, Tanay, Baras, Binangonan, Jalajala, Angono, Antipolo, Boso-Boso, Cainta, and Taytay were separated from Tondo and became the Distrito Politoco-Militar de los Montes de San Mateo and four years after, it was renamed Distrito de Morong.
On June 11, 1901, the province of Rizal was created by virtue of Act No. 137 by the First Philippine Commission with Pasig as the first capital. It covered the municipalities that formerly belonged to Tondo and Morong provinces.
On November 7, 1975, then President Ferdinand Marcos issued Presidential Decree No. 824 creating Metro Manila as a special administrative region. Twelve former towns of Rizal province including Pasig constituted this new region and thereby leaving only 14 towns for Rizal Province. Pasig remained as the capital of Rizal Province until 2009 when it was officially trasferred to Antipolo City.
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Economy of Rizal Province
Although agriculture still plays an important role in the economy of some municipalities, major of the people are now engaged in tertiary industries such as trading and other services. The province is home to many manufacturing plants especially in Taytay and Rodriquez towns. People living near Laguna de Bay, largest lake in the country, depend on fishing for their livelihood.
RELATED: Profile of Isabela Province
See also: List of Philippine Provinces and Capital by Region
Rizal Province Map