Ilocos Sur History, Geography, Economy

Ilocos Sur History

Ilocos Sur History
Ilocos Sur Provincial Capitol

Profile of Ilocos Sur (Geography)
Location –> Ilocos Region, Northwestern Luzon Island, Philippines (See map below)
Neighboring Provinces –> Ilocos Norte, Abra, Benguet, and La Union
Capital –> Vigan City
Area –> 2,596.00 km2 (1,002.32 sq mi)
Population –> 689,668 (2015 census)
Terrain –> Mountainous in the east, hilly at the center, narrow coastaal plain in the west
Industries –> Agriculture and light manufacturing
Major Products –> Tobacco, Rice, Corn, Fish, Livestock
People/Language –> Ilocano, Tagalog
Governor –> Ryan Luis Singson
Vice Governor –> Jeremias “Jerry” C. Singson
Representative (1st District) –> Deogracias Victor B. Savellano
Representative (2nd District) –> Eric D. Singson
Cities –> Candon and Vigan
Municipalities (Towns) –> (32) Alilem, Banayoyo, Bantay, Burgos, Cabugao, Caoayan, Cervantes, Galimuyod, Gregorio Del Pilar, Lidlidda, Magsingal, Nagbukel, Narvacan, Quirino(Angkaki), Salcedo (Baugen), San Emilio, San Esteban, San Ildefonso, San Juan, San Vicente, Santa, Santa Catalina, Santa Cruz, Santa Lucia, Santa Maria, Santiago, Santo Domingo, Sigay, Sinait, Sugpon, Suyo, Tagudin

Ilocos Sur History

Ilocos Sur was already settled by people called Ylokos when the Spanish Conquistador Don Juan de Salcedo arrived. Subsequently, the latter proclaimed the whole area as an encomienda on June 13, 1572 which became the foundation date of the province.

Many missionaries came and settled in Vigan which later became the seat of the Archdiocese of Nueva Segovia aside from being the center for political and military activities in the region.

On February 2, 1818, the northern part was separated and became another province named Ilocos Norte. In the year 1854, some towns on the southern part was given to the new province of La Union. Later, the eastern territory became the province of Abra while the southeastern part went to the province of Benguet.

The province was the scene of at least three major revolts against Spanish rule. The first revolt was lead by Diego Silang in 1762. When he died, his wife Josefa Gabriela carried on the resistance. Almost 50 years later, a certain Ambaristo led another uprising due to the unacceptable monopoly of the government in the manufacture of rice wine called Basi. In 1898, the then town of Candon was the scene of yet another revolt. This time it was led by Federico Isabelo Abaya.

During the Philippine-American War, the “Battle of Tirad Pass” in the southeastern part of the province saw the death of General Gregorio del Pilar who was guarding the retreat of President Emilio Aguinaldo to the Cordillera Mountains.

On September 1, 1901, a provincial civil government was established with Don Mena Crisólogo, a delegate to the Malolos Congress, as the first provincial governor.

During the Second World War, the province was captured by the Japanese in 1941. On April 18, 1945, Ilocos Sur was declared liberated after the defeat of the Yamashita-led Japanese forces in the Battle of Besang Pass in the town of Cervantes.

The province is ruled by the Singson-Crisologo Clan. The influential Luis “Chavit” Singson is currently the political kingpin in the province.

Go here to see all the famous people from Ilocos Sur.

Economy

The economy of Ilocos Sur is primarily based on agriculture particularly the production of tobacco and small scale production of rice and corn. People on the coastal areas are mostly engaged in marginal fishing.

The development of the tourism industry is a high priority of the government. The province has several historical places, beaches and coves to be promoted as tourist spots.

Ilocos Sur Economy
Ilocos Sur Tobacco Farms (credit: NTA)

RELATED: Profile of Pangasinan Province

See also: List of Philippine Provinces and Capital by Region

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