Cervantes is a class municipality of Ilocos Sur Province in northwestern Luzon, Philippines.
Profile of Cervantes Municipality in Ilocos Sur (Geography)
Location –> 368 kilometers north of Manila (See map below)
Neighboring Towns –> Quirino Town (North), Tadian, Mountain Province (east), Mankayan, Benguet Province (south), Suyo and Sigay (west)
Area –> 234.70 km2 (90.62 sq mi)
Population –> 17,211 (2015 Census)
Terrain –> Mountainous and Hilly
Industries –> Agriculture, Trading, Tourism
Major Products –> Rice, Vegetables, Poultry, Handicraft, Home-made Food Products
People/Language –> Ilocano, Tagalog, English
Barangays: (13) Aluling, Comillas North, Comillas South, Concepcion, Dinwede East, Dinwede West, Libang, Malaya, Pilipil, Remedios, Rosario, San Juan, San Luis
Revenue (2016) –> 122,064,388.49
Legislative District –> 2nd
Congressman –> Kristine Singson-Meehan
Mayor –> Pablito Benjamin P. Maggay II
Vice Mayor –> Armando Gaburno
Municipal Councilors (Sangguniang Bayan or SB Members)
Melody Tacio – President, SK Federation
It is believed that the town was named after the famous Spanish poet Miguel de Cervantes. It was previously known as Mantamang, an Igorot word which means “To look out”. Its high altitude allows travellers to view the surrounding scenery.
On March 4, 1879, the town of Cervantes was created out of villages belonging to Lepanto-Amburayan, a sub-province of Mountain Province.
Cervantes is home to Tirad Pass, the scene of a fierce battle during the Philippine-American War on December 2, 1899 where a 60-man Filipino rear guard commanded by Brigadier General Gregorio del Pilar succumbed to more than 500 Americans. General Gregorio del Pilar died during the battle.
By virtue of Act No. 1646 which was passed by the Philippine Commission on 15, 1907, the town became a territory of Ilocos Sur.
During World War II, the town was again the scene of heavy fighting between the combined Filipino-American forces and the Japanese invaders. When the Americans came back to liberate the Philippines, it was the turn of the Japanese under General Yamashita to use Bessang Pass as their last shield from the pursuing American and Filipino liberators.
In 1972, Cervantes National School of Arts and Trade was established through the passage of Republic Act 4424. Today, the institution is called the Ilocos Sur Polytechnic State College – Cervantes Campus.
On March 23, 1993, the town was declared the “Summer Capital of Ilocos Sur” as provided for in Resolution No. 88 Series of 1993.
On June 11, 1996 the municipal government passed Resolution No. 025 series of 1996 declaring June 14 as special non-working holiday for the town of Cervantes.
On April 23, 2000, President Joseph Ejercito Estrada signed Proclamation No. 284 declaring Bessang Pass National Shrine as Protected Areas under natural monument/landmark category of Republic Act 7560 or NIPAS Act of 1992.
The municipality of Cervantes is predominantly agricultural with rice and corn as the chief products.
Bessang Pass Memorial Shrine
Nakayang View Deck
MDP Village Retreat Resort at Barangay Rosario
Holy Child of Prague Catholic Church
Rambak Iti Ili Festival
Map of Cervantes Municipality in Ilocos Sur
Know more about Cervantes, Ilocos Sur by watching the video below.