Antique History, Geography, Economy

Antique History

Antique History
Antique Provincial Capitol (Photo Credit: philippineheritage.com)

Profile of Antique province (Geography)
Location –> Panay Island, Western Visayas Region, Philippines (See map below)
Neighboring Provinces –> Iloilo and Aklan
Capital –> San Jose de Buenavista
Area –> 2,729.17 km2 (1,053.74 sq mi)
Population –> 582,012 (2015 census)
Terrain –> Mountainous with narrow coastal areas
*Notable mountains include Mt. Nangtud (2,048 meters high), Mt. Llorente (1,479), and Mt. Inaman (1,350)
Industries –> Agriculture
Major Products –> Rice, Corn, Fish
People/Language –> Kinaray-a, Caluyanon, Hiligaynon, Cuyonon, Ati
Governor –> Rhodora Cadiao
Predecessor –> Exequiel Bellaflor Javier
Vice Governor –> Edgar Denosta
Representative (Lone District) –> Loren Legarda
Predecessor –> Paolo Everardo S. Javier
Cities –> None
Municipalities (Towns) –> (18) Anini-y, Barbaza, Belison, Bugasong, Caluya, Culasi, Tobias, Hamtic, Laua-an, Libertad, Pandan, Patnongon, San Jose, San Remegio, Sebaste, Sibalom, Tibiao, Valderrama

Antique History

The name Antique is believed to have been derived from Hantík, the local name for the large black ants found on the island of Panay, especially around the municipality of Hamtic, its former capital. The province was under the jurisdiction of Iloilo until 1796 when it was made a separate politico-military province by the Spanish authorities.

In 1802, the capital was transferred from Hamtic to San Jose de Buenavista where it remained until the present.

Pedro V. Jimenez was the first representative of Antique when the Philippine Assembly was opened in 1907.

In 2017, the province hosted the Palarong Pambansa for the very first time.

Former Governors of Antique
1. Francisco Domingo Escote (1751-1755)
2. Antonio Arguelles (1756-1759)
3. Josef Arellano (1760-1761)
4. Mariano dela Torre y Bulacao (1762-1765)
5. Francisco (Margas) Vergara (1766-1768)
6. Manuel Tabuena (1769-1770)
7. Vicente Quejada (1771-1776)
8. Jose Arguelles (1777-1778)
9. Antonio Arguelles (1778-1780)
10. Tomas Aguirre (1781-1782)
11. Juan Salgado (1783-1785)
12. Juan Montinola (1786-1787)
13. Pedro Bargas y Hombrona (1788-1792)
14. Manuel Jotea (1793-1798)
15. Pedro Vidal (1799-1802)
16. Angel Paredes (1802-1803)
17. Fernando Ruiz (1803-1804)
18. Juan Ameja (1805-1805)
19. Angel Paredes (1808-1814)
20. Rafael Andres Gomez (1815-1817)
21. Juan Ormido (1818-1820)
22. Bernardo Simon y Mecenas (1820-1821)
23. Antonio Esteves (1821-1823)
24. Juan Josef de Valda (1824)
25. Francisco Oreta (1825)
26. Francisco Matinez y Cañas (1826-1827)
27. Francisco Oreta (1828-1829)
28. Domingo Benito (1829)
29. Francisco Benitez y Cañas (1830-1833)
30. Domingo Benito (1834-1836)
31. Manuel de Yturriaga y Moco (1837-1844)
32. Ramon Plaza (1845-1848)
33. Joaquin Varon (1849-1850)
34. Enrique Barbaza (1851-1860)
35. Luis Santamaria (1860)
36. Juan Martinez (1861- 1863)
37. Jose Gutierez (1864- 1865)
38. Jose Arcinas (1865- 1866)
39. Jose Marzan (1866- 1867)
40. Jose Bordoy (1867- 1868)
41. Leandro Casamor (1868- 1869)
42. Jose Ramos (1869)
43. Eulogio Santos (1870)
44. Julian Ordoñez (1871- 1872)
45. Andres Coll Valz (1873- 1875)
46. Felix Gomez y Codez (1876- 1877)
47. Andres Coll Valz (1877- 1878)
48. Felix Gomez y Codez (1878)
49. Diego del Rio Rianzon (1878- 1879)
50. Leandro Allendes Salazar (1879- 1881)
51. Manuel Castillon (1881- 1884)
52. Ladislao de Vera (1884- 1886)
53. Antonio Montono (1887-1888)
54. Juan Bravo (1888-1890)
55. Gregoria Cuestra (1891- 1893)
56. Ygnacio Cadrana (1893- 1894)
57. Ysidro Castro (1894)
58. Ygnacio Martinez (1895)
59. Manuel Zuberia y Gallar (1896- 1897)
60. Castro Verde (1897- 1898)
61. Francisco Aparacio y Jurada (1898)
62. Filipino Government (1898-1900)
63. Lt. Col. W. S. Scott (1900) * American Military Governor
64. Lt. Col. W. S. Scott (1901) * American Civil Governor
65. Major Holbrock (1901) Acting Civil Governor
66. Leonardo Fullon (1901-1903)
67. Angel Salazar, Sr. (1904-1909)
68. Santos Capadocia (1909-1913)
69. Anacleto Villavert Jimenez (1912-1919)
70. Vicente Gella (1919-1922) * Maternal great grand uncle of Former Senator and now Congresswoman Loren Legarda
71. Enrique Salvani (1922-1931)
72. Mamerto Portillo (1931-1934)
73. Alejandro Lim (1935-1938)
74. Alberto A. Villavert (1938-1940, 1947-1951)
75. Tobias Fornier (1940-1947)
76. Calixto Zaldivar (1951-1955) * Became an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court from 1964-1974
77. Josue Lacson Cadiao (1955-1963)
78. Encarnacion Fornier (1963-1967)
79. Julian Pacificador (1967-1971)
80. Evelio Javier (1971-1980) * the youngest governor at age of 28
81. Enrique Zaldivar (1980-1984)
82. Jovito Plameras Jr. (1984-1998)
83. Exequiel Bellaflor Javier (1998-2001, 2010-2016)
84. Salvacion Zaldivar Perez (2001-2010)
85. Rhodora Javier Cadiao (2015-Present)

Go here to see all the famous people of Antique Province.

Go here to see the candidates and results of the 2019 election in Antique Province.

Economy of Antique Province

Farming and fishing are the main economic activities in the province. Like in other provinces, the most important agricultural products are rice, corn, and fish. Fruits and vegetables are also produced but not in commercial quantities. Cottage industries include food processing and the production of furniture and handicrafts.

RELATED: Profile of Palawan Province
See also: List of Philippine Provinces and Capital by Region

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