Bohol History, Geography, Economy

Bohol is an island province of the Philippines.

Bohol Province History
New Provincial Capitol of Bohol

Profile (Geography)
Location –> Central Visayas Region (See map below)
Neigboring Provinces –> Cebu, Siquijor, Negros Oriental
Capital –> Tagbilaran City
Area –> 4,820.95 km2 (1,861.38 sq mi)
Population –> 1,313,560 (2015 census
Topography –> Hilly with narrow coastal plains
Industries –> Agriculture, Tourism, Trading, Light manufacturing
Major Products –> Rice, fish, corn, coconut, handicrafts, processed food
People/Language –> Bisaya
City –> Tagbilaran (included in the first legislative district)
Municipalities (Towns) –> (47)
First District –> Alburquerque, Antequera, Baclayon, Balilihan, Calape, Catigbian, Corella, Cortes, Dauis, Loon, Maribojoc, Panglao, Sikatuna, and Tubigon

Second District –> Bien Unido, Buenavista, Clarin, Dagohoy, Danao, Getafe, Inabanga, President Garcia, Sagbayan, San Isidro, San Miguel, Talibon, Trinidad, and Ubay

Third District –> Alicia, Anda, Batuan, Bilar, Candijay, Carmen, Dimiao, Duero, Garcia Hernandez, Guindulman, Jagna, Lila, Loay, Loboc, Mabini, Pilar, Sevilla, Sierra Bullones, and Valencia

Government Officials
Go here to see the elected provincial officials in Bohol.

Bohol Province History

Before the coming of the Spaniards, Bohol Island was already occupied by the Eskaya tribe and the Austronesian/Malayo-Polynesian people. Through the years, the people of Bohol developed their own culture and they came to be known as the Pintados (tattooed people). In 1565, Spanish Conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi made a blood compact with Datu Sulayman, the Chieftain of Bohol. The event came to be known as Sandugo (“one blood”) which is being celebrated today in the province as Sandugo Festival.

The island of Bohol was the scene of two revolts against the Spaniards. In 1621, a native priest (Babaylan) named Tamblot led a short-lived uprising. Over a century later, another uprising led by Francisco Dagohoy happened. This time it lasted for 85 years, from 1744 to 1829, the longest recorded revolt against the abusive Spanish Regime.

Bohol was administered as part of Cebu until its creation as a separate province on 22 July 1854. During the American period, Bohol was recognized was a province under Act 2711 which became effective on March 10, 1917.
However, in the First Philippine Legislature (1907-1909), Bohol sent three representatives, namely: Candelario Borja (First District), Jose A. Clarin (2nd), and Eustaquio Boyles (3rd District).

On October 15, 2013, an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.2 hit Bohol, killing 222 and injuring hundreds. Several centuries-old churches were destroyed. On 12 April 2017, elements of the terrorist group Abu Sayyaf staged an attact on the Province, killing three soldiers, a police officer and two civilians. Bohol–Panglao International Airport, a project of the Aquino Administration, was inaugurated on November 27, 2018.

Go here to see all the famous people from Bohol.

Bohol-Panglao International Airport
The newly-inaugurated international airport in Bohol. (credit: PTV News)

Go here to see the candidates and results of the 2019 election in Bohol Province.

Read the history of Bohol Province in Tagalog here.


Bohol is largely an agriculture area where rice, corn, coconut, and root crops are the main products. In the coastal areas, fishing is the major source of livelihood.

Tourism in Bohol is the fastest growing industry. With the opening of the international airport, more local and foreign visitors are expected to arrive in the province in the coming years.

On May 24, 2023, UNESCO designated the island of Bohol as the country’s first global geopark due to its geological karst and limestone landforms. Such designation will definitely add to the province’s attractiveness to travelers.

Go here to see all the tourist spots of Bohol Province.

RELATED: Pangasinan Province History
See also: List of Philippine Provinces and Capital by Region

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