United States Historical Events in March

United States Historical Events is a daily guide to the important events that shaped America to what it is today. This is a compilation of significant events for the month of March including the birth and death of famous Americans as well as laws promulgated by authorities. The list is constantly updated to incorporate the most recent events.

United States Historical Events in March

Day Year Event
1 1790 The United States Supreme Court convenes for the first time.
1 1803 Ohio became the 17th State to be admitted to the Union.
1 1878 Yellowstone became the first American National Park.
1 1941 The first FM station starts operation in Nashville, Tennessee.
1 1961 The United States Peace Corps was formally established to train and deploy volunteers for international development assistance.
1 2003 Establishment of the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services which succeeded the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS).
2 1933 The Original King Kong movie has its world premiere in New York.
3 1797 End of George Washington presidential term.
3 1845 Florida became the 27th State to be admitted to the Union.
3 1885 American Telephone and Telegraph Company was formally incorporated in New York to create the first nationwide long-distance network.
3 1893 Opening of the iconic 13-story, 450-room Waldorf Hotel in New York City.
4 1794 Vermont became the 14th state to be admitted to the Union.
4 1794 The Eleventh Amendment (Amendment XI) to the United States Constitution which restricts the ability of individuals to bring suit against states in federal court was passed by Congress.
5 1956 United States Supreme Court upholds a ban on racial segregation in state schools, colleges and universities.
6 1964 Boxer Cassius Clay converts to Islam and changes his name to Muhammad Ali.
7 1876 Alexander Graham Bell receives a patent for his invention the telephone.
7 1998 Birth: Amanda Gorman, first person to be named National Youth Poet Laureate. She delivered a poem during the inauguration of President Joe Biden and became the youngest inaugural poet in U.S. history.
8 1874 Death: Millard Fillmore, the 13th US president, died in Buffalo, New York at age 74.
8 1965 U.S. Marines were landed near Da Nang, South Vietnam marking the beginning of the American ground war during the Vietnam War.
8 1930 Death: William Howard Taft, the 27th US president, died in Washington, D.C. at age 72.
9 1959 Barbie dolls make debut at the International American Toy Fair in New York City.
10 1810 Birth: John McCloskey, the first American cardinal of the Catholic Church and the second archbishop of New York.
10 1862 The United States government issues paper money for the first time.
11 1888 The Great Blizzard starts. The storm paralyzed the East Coast from the Chesapeake Bay to Maine.
11 1892 The first public basketball game was played in Springfield, Massachusetts.
12 1876 Birthday: George Bergstrom, the American architect who designed the Pentagon.
12 1912 Girl Scouts of United States were founded by Juliette Low of Savannah, Georgia.
13 1639 A school established in 1636 by the Massachusetts Bay Colony was renamed Harvard College in honor of John Harvard who donated £779 pounds sterling and some 400 books. This college became what is now Harvard University.
13 1901 Death: Benjamin Harrison, the 23rd US president, died in Indianapolis, Indiana at age 67.
14 1794 Eli Whitney receives a patent for the Cotton Gin.
14 1932 George Eastman, founder of Eastman Kodak, died by suicide with a single gunshot through the heart.
15 1664 Death: John Endecott, one of the Fathers of New England and the longest-serving governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
15 1767 Birthday: Andrew Jackson, the 7th US president, was born in Waxhaw Settlement between North Carolina and South Carolina.
15 1820 Maine was admitted to the Union.
15 1850 American Express Company, an American multinational financial services corporation, was founded in Buffalo, New York.
16 1751 Birthday: James Madison, the 4th US president, was born in Virginia.
16 1802 Establishment of the United States Military Academy (USMA) in West Point, New York.
17 1931 Legalization of gambling in the State of Nevada.
18 1837 Birthday: Grover Cleveland, the 22nd and 24th US president, was born in Caldwell, New Jersey.
19 2003 President George W. Bush goes on live television to announce that Operation Iraqi Freedom has begun.
20 1854 The Republican Party was founded by anti-slavery activists who opposed the Kansas–Nebraska Act, which allowed for the potential expansion of chattel slavery into the western territories.
20 1922 The United States Postmaster General requires all American homes to have a mailbox.
20 2003 The United States, joined by the United Kingdom, Australia, and Poland, launched a “shock and awe” bombing campaign in Iraq prior to invasion.
21 2006 Foundation of social media company Twitter.
22 1972 The Equal Rights Amendment is passed by the United States Senate and sent to the states for ratification.
23 1868 The University of California in Berkeley was established.
23 1983 President Ronald Reagan proposes Strategic Defense Initiative or the so-called Star Wars Program.
24 1989 The super tanker Exxon Valdez struck Bligh Reef in Alaska’s Prince William Sound and tore open its hull, spilling 53 millions of gallons of oil.
24 2023 Gordon Moore, the American businessman, engineer, and the co-founder of Intel Corporation who proposed what is called Moore’s Law, dies at his home in Hawaii at age 94.
25 1954 RCA manufactures the first color television.
26 1885 The Eastman Dry Plate and Chemical Company manufactures the first motion picture film.
27 1634 St. Mary’s City (also known as Historic St. Mary’s City) was established and became the first European settlement in Maryland.
27 1964 The Good Friday Earthquake measuring 8.3 on the Richter scale happened in Anchorage, Alaska.
28 1969 Death: Dwight Eisenhower, the 34th US president, died in Washington, D.C. at age 78.
28 1979 The Three Mile Island Unit 2 (TMI-2) nuclear power reactor in Pennsylvania began a partial meltdown, considered as the most significant accident in U.S. commercial nuclear power plant history.
29 1790 Birthday: John Tyler, the 10th US president, was born in Charles City, Virginia.
29 1800 William Matthews was ordained and became the first American-born Catholic priest.
29 1819 Birthday: Edwin Laurentine Drake, an American businessman and the first American to successfully drill for oil.
29 1918 Birth: Sam Walton, an American business magnate who founded Walmart in 1962 and became the largest corporation and the largest private employer in the world.
30 1867 The United States buys Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million.
30 1848 Birth: William Waldorf “Willy” Astor an American-British politician and businessman who built the iconic Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City.
30 1981 President Ronald Reagan was shot and wounded by John Hinckley Jr. in Washington, D.C. as he was returning to his limousine after a speaking engagement at the Washington Hilton.
30 2023 Former President Donald Trump was indicted by a Manhattan grand jury for his alleged role in a scandal stemming from hush money payments made to the pornographic film actress Stormy Daniels prior to the 2016 U.S. presidential election, making him the first U.S. president to be indicted. (from wikipedia)
31 1854 The United States and Japan signed the Convention of Kanagawa which effectively ended Japan’s 220-year-old policy of national seclusion (sakoku).
31 1917 The United States took possession of the Virgin Island and renamed it as Virgin Islands of the United States.

RELATED: United States Historical Events in January, February, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

US Historical Events in March
US Historical Events in March

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